Can You Get Sick From Bed Bug Bites? Here’s What You Need to Know

Bed bugs are small, brownish insects that feed on the blood of animals or humans. Although they don’t directly cause diseases or make you sick, their bites can cause discomfort and lead to health problems. The question is, can you get sick from bed bug bites?

According to several sources, including Terminix and Mayo Clinic, bed bugs are not known to spread diseases to humans. While they are capable of carrying human pathogens, there is no evidence that they transmit any diseases through their bites. However, bed bug bites can cause allergic reactions, skin infections, and psychological distress.

It’s important to note that different people react differently to bed bug bites. Some people may not experience any symptoms, while others may develop severe reactions. Additionally, if you scratch the bites, you may introduce bacteria into your skin and increase the risk of infections. Therefore, it’s essential to take steps to prevent and treat bed bug bites to avoid any potential health problems.



Bed bug bites can cause a range of symptoms, some of which may not appear immediately. The symptoms can vary from person to person depending on their sensitivity to the bites, the number of bites, and the severity of the infestation.

According to Healthline, the most common symptoms of bed bug bites include:

  • Red, itchy bumps on the skin
  • Rashes or blisters
  • Bites in a straight line or cluster pattern
  • Bites that are often found on the face, neck, arms, and hands

It is important to note that bed bug bites do not transmit diseases, but they can cause discomfort and distress. Scratching the bites can lead to secondary infections, so it is important to avoid scratching and keep the affected area clean and dry.

Some people may not react to bed bug bites at all, while others may have a more severe reaction. In rare cases, severe allergic reactions can occur, which may require medical attention.

If you suspect that you have been bitten by bed bugs, it is important to inspect your home for signs of an infestation and contact a pest control professional for treatment.


Health Risks Associated with Bed Bug Bites


Bed bugs are small, blood-sucking insects that feed on human blood. While bed bugs do not transmit diseases directly, their bites can cause a range of health problems for some people. Here are some health risks associated with bed bug bites:

  • Skin infections: Scratching bed bug bites can break the skin and lead to infections. In severe cases, the infection can spread to other parts of the body and cause serious health problems.
  • Allergic reactions: Some people may develop an allergic reaction to bed bug bites. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include severe itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing.
  • Anemia: In rare cases, bed bug infestations can cause anemia, a condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to the tissues. Anemia can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.

It is important to note that not everyone will experience health problems from bed bug bites. In fact, many people may not even realize they have been bitten. However, if you suspect that you have been bitten by bed bugs and are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it is important to seek medical attention.

According to Smithereen, in most cases where humans have become ill after bed bug bites, the underlying cause was due to the individual scratching the bites and introducing bacteria into the skin. It is important to avoid scratching bed bug bites to prevent infections.


Treatment for Bed Bug Bites

Bed bug bites usually heal on their own within a week or two. However, there are several things one can do to relieve itching and promote healing:

  • Wash the affected area with soap and water to reduce the risk of infection.
  • Apply a cold compress to the affected area to reduce swelling and itching.
  • Apply a topical cream or ointment, such as hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion, to relieve itching and inflammation.
  • Take an antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), to reduce itching and swelling.
  • Avoid scratching the affected area, as this can lead to infection and scarring.

If the symptoms are severe or the bites are infected, it is important to seek medical attention. A doctor may prescribe a stronger topical cream or oral medication to reduce itching and inflammation.

It is also important to address the underlying bed bug infestation to prevent further bites. This may involve hiring a pest control professional to inspect and treat the affected area.

According to Cleveland Clinic, if an individual has an allergic reaction to bed bug bites or develops an infection, they may require medical attention. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics or a steroid cream to treat the infection or inflammation.


Preventing Bed Bug Bites

While bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases to humans, their bites can still cause discomfort and irritation. Here are some tips to prevent bed bug bites:

  • Inspect secondhand furniture or clothing for signs of bed bugs before bringing them into your home
  • Use a protective cover for your mattress and box spring to prevent bed bugs from getting inside
  • Keep your home clean and clutter-free to reduce hiding places for bed bugs
  • Vacuum regularly, paying close attention to cracks and crevices where bed bugs may hide
  • When traveling, inspect hotel rooms for signs of bed bugs and keep your luggage off the floor and bed

If you suspect that you have a bed bug infestation in your home, it is important to contact a pest control professional to properly identify and treat the problem. Do not attempt to use pesticides on your own, as this can be dangerous and may not effectively eliminate the bed bugs.

Remember, prevention is key when it comes to bed bug bites. By taking the necessary precautions, you can reduce your risk of being bitten and avoid the discomfort and irritation that comes with it.

According to Smithereen, “the best way to prevent bed bug bites is to avoid bed bugs altogether.” This can be achieved through regular cleaning and inspection of your home and belongings, as well as taking precautions when traveling or bringing in secondhand items.