How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs on Your Mattress

Confirm if you have bed bugs first. Signs? Live or dead bugs on mattress, dark spots from excrement, white eggs (size of pinhead). It is vital to identify the problem before treating it.


Recognize the signs of bed bug infestation

To remove bed bugs from your mattress, you must first recognize the signs. Bed bugs are small, flat insects, one to seven mm in size. People often confuse them with other pests like fleas or ticks.

Signs of a bed bug infestation:

  • Dark brown or black flakes on your mattress and nearby surfaces.
  • Rust-colored stains from the bed bugs’ blood meals or when they are crushed.
  • Small dark spots (bed bug droppings) on your sheets.
  • Sweet odor of pheromones in severe cases.

Once you have identified the presence of bed bugs, it’s time to take action and get rid of them


Identify the source of the problem

Identifying bed bugs is essential for getting rid of them. They are small, oval-shaped insects with red or rust-colored bodies, no more than 1/4 inch long. At night, they feed on human blood and hide in crevices or traps during the day. They can be hard to find and can exist in your home for months before being noticed.

To detect them, inspect your bed closely. Adult bed bugs will be visible to the eye and clusters of black spots with a reddish-brown tinge may be their feces. Look for rusty streaks on sheets, pillowcases, or mattresses. These could be the shed skins from nymphs or adults as they mature. Examine seams and folds in fabric that hasn’t been disturbed for some time. This may provide shelter for adult bed bugs as they feed on blood at night.

If you suspect an infestation, contact a certified pest professional for further inspections and advice on proper treatment methods.



Preparing your mattress, bedding and area around the bed is key. This will stop bed bugs from hiding. It will also ensure that all treatments are successful.

Remove all bedding and clothing from the mattress

When starting to get rid of bed bugs in the bedroom, it’s crucial to take off all bedding and clothing from the mattress. These are:

  • Sheets
  • Blankets
  • Quilts
  • Spreads
  • Pillows
  • Clothes

Put each one in a separate plastic bag before removing them from the room with an infestation. This stops any bed bugs on them from moving to other rooms. If possible, wash these items in hot water and dry them on a high heat in a dryer. After that, vacuum your mattress properly and then steam clean it.


Vacuum the mattress thoroughly

Vacuuming the mattress is an essential step to get rid of infestations. Vacuum the entire surface, including seams and crevices – if you spot bed bug activity. Use a powerful vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter and an upholstery or dust brush attachment for thorough cleaning. Take off covers or sheets from the mattress so that you can vacuum all surfaces. Dispose the vacuum contents in sealed plastic bags right away to prevent further spread and re-infestation.


Seal the mattress in a mattress encasement

A mattress encasement is the best way to get rid of bed bugs. It is waterproof and breathable. It’s lightweight, so comfort won’t be sacrificed for safety.

  • Clean the mattress before using an encasement. Vacuum it with a HEPA filter vacuum to trap bugs in the vacuum. Wipe down the surfaces with rubbing alcohol or another disinfectant.
  • Secure the encasement and inspect it regularly, so new bugs or eggs won’t have a chance to reproduce and spread. This will help keep the rest of your home bug-free.



Bed bugs? Treatment is the key. Must treat the mattress. Insecticides or steam cleaning are two options. Additionally, there are several methods to get rid of bed bugs on the mattress. Let’s explore each of these methods and how they work:

  • Insecticides
  • Steam Cleaning


Use a bed bug spray to treat the mattress

For removing bed bugs from your mattress, using a professional grade bed bug spray is important. Here are some precautions:

  • Vacuum all mattress crevices and seams.
  • Wash sheets and blankets in hot water (above 140°F) for 8-10 mins to kill any remaining bed bugs.
  • Dry items on high heat for 25 mins to kill larvae and eggs.
  • Buy a spray designed for mattresses and furniture infested by bed bugs. Read instructions carefully (for aerosol) before use.
  • Cover mattress with clean fitted sheet or protective covering. Use fabric steamer to make sure insecticide is fully saturated and effective.


Use a steam cleaner to treat the mattress

Steam cleaning is a great way to get rid of bed bugs on your mattress. It works by emitting steam at over 200°F. This heat kills adult bed bugs and eggs. It also penetrates the fabric on the mattress. That way, any bed bugs hiding deep inside will be eliminated.

Plus, the heat helps sanitize and deodorize the material.

If you use a steam cleaner, make sure it has a long hose attachment. That way, all parts of the mattress can be reached. Focus on seams and folds.

When handling the steamer, use protective gloves. Keep your arms, hands, and face away from its heated nozzle.


Use a heat treatment to kill bed bugs

Heat treatment is the most effective way to kill bed bugs on your mattress. Bed bugs cannot survive temperatures over 120°F (49°C). So, you must maintain a consistent temperature throughout the treatment process, which can be done with a household infrared thermometer and adequate ventilation.

When treating your mattress, take all necessary precautions, like using hot air fans. Move furniture, fabric, and items away from walls and woodwork before beginning.

Heat treatments can last several hours, depending on the size of the infested area and type of heater. Preheat your bedroom 15 minutes before starting heat treatment. Aim for 110°F (43°C) or higher. Check heating equipment frequently with an infrared thermometer to ensure correct and safe temperature. High temperatures can damage items like electronics, so protect them with fire-resistant blankets or cardboard boxes. If done correctly over time, these treatments should kill any existing bed bug population without insecticides.



Bed bugs can be a real pain! They can quickly make your mattress their new home. It’s best to prevent them from infesting your mattress. Here are some tips for stopping bed bugs from taking over your bed:

  • Cover your mattress with a bed bug-proof cover.
  • Vacuum regularly.
  • Wash your bedding frequently in hot water.
  • Remove clutter from your bedroom.
  • Check for signs of bed bugs when you travel.


Regularly inspect your mattress for bed bugs

To keep bedbugs away, routine inspections should be done. Especially in areas where bedbug activity was reported. Inspect your mattress by looking for small brown spots, which are droppings of bedbugs. Also, look for shells or reddish-brown stains, which are eggs or egg remnants.

The most effective way to inspect is through mattress coverings and box spring. Remove sheets and pillowcases and check between seams and buttons. Turn over the box spring to see if there’s any evidence on the underside. Use a flashlight to inspect crevices or cracks between the mattress frame and baseboard.

Finally, vacuum over areas where beds may have been seen. If you find signs of infestation, contact a professional pest control company immediately. They have treatments to eradicate bed bug infestations.


Vacuum the mattress regularly

Vacuuming is a great way to stop bed bugs from settling in your mattress. Do it at least once or twice a week. Vacuuming removes eggs, skins, and any live bugs that may have already sneaked in. Vacuum your sheets and duvets too. Check the vacuum bag for signs of bed bugs and toss it if you find any.

Also, get special bed bug-proof covers for your mattress and box spring. These covers fit tightly so bed bugs won’t be able to get in!


Use a mattress encasement to prevent bed bugs from entering the mattress

Mattress encasements are great for preventing bed bugs. They act like a shield, trapping any bugs that try to touch the mattress. Make sure the encasement is made of a tough material, and has a tight zip closure. Inspect your mattress for any holes and tears. Use tape or sealant to cover these points of entry.

Always keep the encasement on when in use. This will stop any new bugs from entering the mattress and provide an effective prevention method.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are the best ways to get rid of bed bugs on my mattress?

A1: The best way to get rid of bed bugs on your mattress is to encase your mattress in a zippered mattress cover and wash your bedding in hot water. Additionally, vacuuming your mattress and furniture regularly and using a steamer on your mattress can also help to eliminate bed bugs.

Q2: How often should I vacuum my mattress to get rid of bed bugs?

A2: It is recommended to vacuum your mattress and furniture at least once a week if you have an infestation of bed bugs. It is also important to empty the vacuum cleaner after each use to reduce the risk of spreading the bed bugs.

Q3: Are there any natural remedies to get rid of bed bugs?

A3: Yes, there are natural remedies to get rid of bed bugs. These include using essential oils, such as lavender and tea tree oil, or diatomaceous earth. It is important to note, however, that these remedies may not be as effective as chemical treatments and may take longer to rid your home of bed bugs.